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Children...

CONSULTATION PROCESS ON POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS

1 CHILD OUT OF 4

IS VULNERABLE IN AT LEAST ONE DOMAIN OF DEVELOPMENT

Sur quoi se base-t-on?

L’Enquête québécoise sur le développement des enfants à la maternelle (EQDEM) réalisée en 2012 a fourni des informations sur l’état de développement de près de 65 000 enfants.

Cinq domaines ont été évalués :

  • la santé physique et le bien-être;
  • les compétences sociales;
  • la maturité affective;
  • le développement cognitif et langagier;
  • les habiletés de communication et les connaissances générales.

On a par exemple évalué le niveau d’énergie dont ils disposent (santé physique et le bien-être), leur capacité à s’exprimer (cognitif et langagier), à s’entendre avec les enfants qu’ils côtoient (compétences sociales), à gérer leurs émotions (maturité affective) et à comprendre la notion de temps (habiletés de communication et connaissances générales).

THIS PROPORTION BECOMES
1 child out of 3

(31 %) in very disadvantagedENVIRONMENTS

1 child out of 5

(21 %) in very privileged ENVIRONMENTS

THE SITUATION ALSO VARIES FROM REGION TO REGION

Certain regions have a HIGHER PROPORTION OF CHILDREN WHO ARE VULNERABLE in at least one development domain when starting kindergarten than in Quebec as a whole (26%)
For example:
Laval (30%), Montreal (29%) and Outaouais (28%)

OTHERS HAVE A LOWER PROPORTION OF VULNERABLE CHILDREN

FOR EXAMPLE:

  • Capitale-Nationale: 23%
  • Lanaudière: 23%
  • Chaudière-Appalaches: 22%
  • Centre-du-Québec: 22%

The ENVIRONMENT IS THEREFORE A DETERMINING FACTOR IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF VERY YOUNG CHILDREN

WHY SHOULD WE BE WORRIED?

+600

That’s how many more words a 3-year-old in a privileged family knows than his or her counterpart in a disadvantaged family

CHILDREN’S DEVELOPMENT DURING THE EARLIEST YEARS OF THEIR LIFE INFLUENCES THEIR ABILITY TO LEARN AND SUCCEED IN SCHOOL

Studies have shown that...

Children who have experienced difficult or stressful living conditions between the ages of 0 and 5 have fewer of the skills they need to enter kindergarten.

Children’s success in kindergarten is likely to influence their academic success in primary school.

Academic success in primary school is likely to influence a 22-year-old’s level of education.

This situation be changed?

ALTHOUGH THE SITUATION IS TROUBLING,

SOMETHING CAN BE DON

IT HAS BEEN SHOWN THAT...

5% OF ALL CHILDREN ARE BORN WITH A CONGENITAL DISEASE OR DISORDERTHAT WILL LIMIT THEIR FUTURE DEVELOPMENT
THE CHILDREN WHOSE DEVELOPMENT IS MOST AT RISK ARE ALSO THE MOST RECEPTIVE TO INTERVENTION AND STIMULATING ENVIRONMENTS

WHEN CHILDREN IN THE MOST DISADVANTAGED AREAS ATTEND DAYCARE AND JUNIOR KINDERGARTEN/PRESCHOOL, THE PROPORTION OF DEVELOPMENTALLY VULNERABLE CHILDREN IS REDUCED

Proportion of vulnerable children in the most disadvantaged environments

23%

ATTENDED DAYCARE and junior kindergarten/preschool

44%

DID NOT ATTEND daycare and junior kindergarten/preschool

THE PROPORTION OF DEVELOPMENTALLY VULNERABLE CHILDREN COULD BE LIMITED TO 10% if the appropriate corrective measures were taken.

EVERY $1 INVESTED in giving children a better start in life offers a return of between $4 and $9!

Comment est-ce possible?
Les sommes investies dans les services à la petite enfance permettent notamment de réduire le recours aux programmes d’aide sociale et d’augmenter le revenu moyen des personnes en ayant bénéficié, ce qui accroît les sommes perçues en impôt par le gouvernement.
To learn more: tout-petits.org

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